OAK RIDGE RESERVATION

Photo courtesy of Energy.gov

Photo courtesy of Energy.gov

 

HISTORY

The Oak Ridge Reservation was established in 1942 as part of the Manhattan Project. Engineers developed three distinct campuses within the Oak Ridge Reservation, and each pursued a different technology to enrich uranium. In the decades since, each of these campuses—the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12), and East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP)—evolved and conducted different missions for the Department of Energy (DOE). Scientists and engineers purified isotopes, conducted research, built weapons, and created environmental legacies that the program has worked to clean and remove since 1989. DOE’s Office of Environmental Management (EM) is charged with managing that effort.

PRIMARY FOCUSES

CLEANUP ISSUES

  • In 2003, the TRU Waste Processing Facility was constructed to treat the many forms of waste found around the Oak Ridge Reservation. The EM program is steadily working to process, package, and remove its entire inventory of transuranic waste from the state of Tennessee.

  • Wastes generated from cleanup throughout the Oak Ridge Reservation is disposed in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Oak Ridge's CERCLA waste facility, the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF), was constructed to receive these wastes, and it significantly reduces cleanup costs.

  • For 40 years, the 2,200-acre East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) was home to a complex of facilities that enriched uranium. As a result of the production of enriched uranium for defense missions and the commercial nuclear power industry, ETTP has a legacy of contaminated buildings, soil, sediment, and groundwater that require remediation for the protection of human health and the environment.

  • Oak Ridge’s EM program and contractor URS | CH2M Oak Ridge have prevented more than 1,000 pounds of mercury from entering the environment at the Y-12 National Security Complex.

HOST LOCAL COMMUNITIES

COMMUNITY PRIORITIES

  • Emergency preparedness and response; along with risk management programs

  • Community outreach

  • Environmental clean-up projects

  • Oversight on environmental studies and mitigation activities

FY 2020 BUDGET


FY 2018 Enacted FY 2019 Enacted FY 2020 Request
400,219 410,000 292,781

(Defense Environmental Cleanup. Amounts in thousands of dollars. Click here for the latest site budget.)

PRIMARY OPERATING CONTRACTORS

  • URS | CH2M Oak Ridge LLC (UCOR) – Primary cleanup contractor for Oak Ridge Reservation

    • UCOR is made up of URS and CH2M HILL.

  • North Wind Solutions, LLC – Management and operations at the Transuranic Waste Processing Center

  • Isotek – Responsible for disposition of Uranium-233 from Building 3019 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

OAK RIDGE RESERVATION COMMUNITIES ALLIANCE (ORRCA)

Mission: The purpose of the Oak Ridge Reservation Communities Alliance (ORRCA) is to take an active role with DOE Reservation management and/or contractors relating to the environmental management program for both current and legacy clean-up operations.

OAK RIDGE SITE SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD (ORSSAB)

Mission: The board's mission is to provide informed advice and recommendations concerning site specific issues related to the DOE EM program. To provide unbiased evaluation and recommendations on DOE’s cleanup efforts related to the Oak Ridge site, the Board seeks opportunities for input through collaborative dialogue with the communities surrounding the Oak Ridge Reservation, governmental regulators, and other stakeholders.

ELECTED LEADERSHIP

Federal Government

State Government

Local Government

MEDIA CONTACT INFORMATION

BY THE NUMBERS

  • 69% of the original contract handled transuranic waste has been shipped off-site for permanent disposal.

  • 2,000 monitoring wells installed across the site for accurate groundwater modeling and ensuring safety in the surrounding area.

  • 1st site in the world to remove all gaseous diffusion uranium enrichment buildings.

SITE NEWS

Updated August 2019.
Information in this profile is sourced from DOE, NNSA, and the site’s online resources.